For ocular conditions, the optometrist is the first contact. The optometrist is the link between the patient and an ophthalmologist. In the practice of ophthalmology and alleviating vision loss for those in most need, the realization of the impact of uncorrected refractive error has provide optometry to play a major part. They play an important role in integrating optometry for prevention of blindness. Of vision correction the major providers have been the optometrists. An optometrist examines the degree and nature of eye problems and diseases in clinical practice.
The medical history of a patient they take and note down their visual needs. Uncorrected refractive error is the second leading cause of treatable blindness. In correcting refractive error, usually optometrists play a major role.
They perform various eye tests to children and adults. To correct and conserve vision in patients with subnormal vision they provide low vision aid, vision therapy and rehabilitation.
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The amount of deviation of the eyes they assess and measure . They also perform tests to determine depth perception, ocular motility disorders and the ability to focus and coordinate eyes. After checking the intra ocular pressure an optometrist can be the first person to diagnose glaucoma. A patient who is concerned about their vision can visit a community optometrist as the first one. They supervise dispensing of prescriptions for corrective glasses also apart from correcting refractive errors. By fitting prosthetic lenses or cosmetic shells, optometrists provide cosmetic support to patients who have disfigured eyes.
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A patient’s eyes will be examined by an optometrist, test their sight and give advice on visual problems. Also, they prescribe and fit spectacles or contact lenses when need be. There are different types of optometrist. High street company optometrists are there who carry out eye examinations, give advice on eye problems, and prescribe spectacles or contact lenses. Hospital or clinic optometrists there are. To treat and manage patients with a range of eye conditions these ones work alongside ophthalmologists.
Laboratory or university optometrists are the last group. They usually are undertaking research into diseases treatments that can help improve or restore eyesight. Usually, optometrists write referral letters to other doctors or liaise with other medical practitioners and at times share the care of patients with chronic ophthalmic conditions. Examining the patient’s eyes to detect signs of injury, disease, abnormality or vision defects they also do. They should be aware of the signs and symptoms of other general health conditions such as diabetes so that they can understand eye problems that are related to them. There has been an increasing demand for optometrists to become an ideal foil for ophthalmologist so as to provide the best eye care for the people with visual disabilities.